Appearance：light yellow to brown liquid
Boiling Point：190.5ºC at 760 mmHg
Stability：Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents. Reacts violently with water.
Methylammonium iodide, also known as MAI or 82113-65-3, is an inorganic compound commonly used as a reagent and catalyst in the chemical industry. MAI is a solid with a white crystalline appearance and a slightly acidic odor. It is soluble in water, ethanol and other organic solvents, and acts as an acid in reactions. It is also highly corrosive, and should be handled with appropriate protective equipment when working with it.
MAI is used in a variety of processes in the chemical industry, such as the production of organic compounds, catalytic conversions of molecules, and the synthesis of pharmaceuticals. It is also used as an electrolyte in batteries, and as a catalyst in electrochemical processes. In addition, it has applications in chemical detection, e.g., as an indicator in titration, and the detection of trace amounts of chemical compounds.
In the pharmaceuticals field, MAI is used in the synthesis of salicylates and derivatives of salicylaldehyde, a widely used pharmaceutical intermediate. It is also used to catalyze the addition of bromide ion to aldehydes and ketones, which is useful for the production of homomorphic compounds.
Due to its relatively low cost and availability, MAI is an important reagent and catalyst in the chemical industry. It is an essential building block in many chemical processes, and its use can enable fast and efficient production of high-quality chemical products.