Boiling Point：44.8ºC at 760mmHg
CAS No: 375-48-4
Hexanoic acid(Hexanoic acid), also known as caproic acid, belongs to the category of carboxylic acid and has the molecular formula of C6H12O2. Hexanoic acid produces when the sugar su-palm-fatty-alcohol reacts with ethylene oxide under the condition of alkaline catalytic oxidation. It is a colorless to pale yellow liquid with a strong odor and tastes acidic. It is slightly soluble in water and soluble in alcohols and many organic solvents.
Hexanoic acid is commonly used in a variety of applications. It is widely used in synthetic spices, flavours and perfumes and is used in foods, beverages and fragrances. It is also used as an extraction agent in the pharmaceutical industry. Hexanoic acid is and intermediate in the manufacturing of many synthetic drugs such as ampicillin and it is used in treatment of some infectious diseases. Furthermore, it can also be used in the production of herbicides and fungicides, dyestuffs and dyes, resins, and in the production of plasticizers, break fluids and metal complexes.
Hexanoic acid is classified as a food additive, and its range of application includes beverages, cheeses, fats and fish. It is also used in condiments as a preservative and anti-clotting agent. Hexanoic acid is one of the most known components used for the production of food flavors such as fruit and fruity flavors, spices and flavor enhancers. It is used in the formulation of preservatives and food processing boosters, to enhance taste, odor and color. As a preservative, it helps inhibit the oxidation and deterioration of food products. It is also sometimes added to regulate the acidity or alkalinity in a product.
Hexanoic acid is a flammable, combustible material. It is classified as a hazardous substance, and exposure to its vapor may cause irritation to the eyes and respiratory tract. Inhalation of its vapor can cause nausea, dizziness and coughing. Prolonged exposure can lead to more serious symptoms such as chest pain, difficulty in breathing, and unconsciousness. Therefore, Hexanoic acid should be kept away from sources of heat or fire. Protective clothing and eye protection should be worn while handling the material.