Refractive Index：n20/D 1.414(lit.)
Methylamine is an organic compound with the chemical formula CH3NH2. It is a gas at room temperature and pressure. It is a colorless gas that has a strong fishy odor. It is miscible with water in all proportions.
Methylamine is a basic amine with a pKb of 4.21. It is a building block for the synthesis of many other compounds with wide ranging uses. It is used in the production of pharmaceuticals, dyes, explosives, pesticides, and other important industrial products. It is also used in the manufacture of soaps, detergents, and other cleaning products.
Methylamine is produced by the reduction of ammonia with methanol. It can also be produced by the direct reaction of methane and ammonia over a catalyst such as nickel.
Methylamine is a flammable and explosive material. It is a strong irritant and inhalation of vapors may cause coughing and difficulty breathing. Inhalation of high concentrations of vapors may cause pulmonary edema. Contact of liquid with skin and eyes may cause irritation and burns.
The CAS number for methylamine is 919-31-3. The molecular weight is 31.05 g/mol. The boiling point is -6.4°C and the melting point is -117.7°C. It is soluble in water, alcohol, ether, and most organic solvents.
Methylamine is an important industrial chemical. The primary uses are in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, dyes, explosives, pesticides, and other products. It is also used in the manufacture of soaps, detergents, and other cleaning products.