Boiling Point：184ºC2 mm Hg(lit.)
Refractive Index：n20/D 1.452
Vapor Pressure：1.82E-05mmHg at 25°C
CAS No. 126-80-7 is an organic compound known as D-glucitol or sorbitol. It is a white, crystalline powder with a sweet taste, similar to sucrose (table sugar). It is used as a humectant, thickener, and sweetener in a variety of food products, such as chewing gum and baked goods. It is also used as a solvent and binder in many pharmaceuticals and cosmetic products.
Sorbitol is a polyhydric alcohol and is a member of the sugar alcohol family. It is found naturally in some fruits and vegetables, such as apples, pears, and prunes. It is produced commercially by the hydrogenation of glucose. It is non-cariogenic, meaning it does not contribute to tooth decay. It is metabolized slowly, so it has a lower glycemic index than sugar, making it a useful sugar substitute for diabetics.
Sorbitol is a versatile compound with many industrial applications. It is used as a humectant and stabilizer in food products, as a plasticizer in adhesives and coatings, and as a cutting fluid in machining and grinding operations. It is also used as a solvent and emulsifier in the manufacture of paints, inks, and printing inks. It is used as a thickener in cosmetic and personal care products, and as a vehicle for drug delivery.
Sorbitol is generally regarded as safe and is approved for use in food products in many countries. It is also approved for use in pharmaceuticals and cosmetics in the United States. It is considered a safe, non-toxic, and non-irritating material.